My family was sent to the ghetto in Mukacevo, Czechoslovakia, and then we were transported to a labor camp in Galicia, Poland (Ukraine). There, we worked chopping down trees that were used for buildings. At one point I escaped from the ghetto, but was caught in the street and sent to Romania.
At the end of the war, I found a cousin in Romania who survived in his own home. Afterwards, I returned to our family farm in Madyar Komyat, which became part of the Ukraine after the war.
In 1946 I married Serena Schwartz. We stayed in Ukraine with our children until 1969 when times began to be bad again for Jews. We immigrated to Detroit because I had some family here.