Name of father, occupation
Maiden name of mother, occupation
Immediate family (names, birth order)
Parents, nine siblings and me
How many in entire extended family?
Who survived the Holocaust?
7 out of a family of 25. Myself and three siblings and three of my first cousins.
Name of Concentration / Labor Camp(s)
Where were you in the Former Soviet Union?
Stary Oskol, White Russia
Where did you go after being liberated?
I returned home and was married in August, 1945. We moved to Israel in 1949. My wife wanted to move to Canada where she learned she had a sister. There was no Canadian embassy in Israel, we went to Italy where there was one. However, we had difficulties getting into Canada and went first to Buenos Aries, Argentina and then to Paraguay. I had a hard time finding work and eventually found a job as a butcher. My employer was a past German Nazi. After two years, we were able to leave for America to Detroit where I found an aunt and an uncle. We arrived in Detroit in 1955. I found a job at the Eastern Market in Detroit working for a Hungarian Jewish man.
Erika Singer, psychologist
Three: Jacob, Justin, and Amanda
What do you think helped you to survive?
Initially I was able to have food to survive because I was a cook for the army in labor camp. Later I stayed alive with the hope that my family was still living and that I would be reunited with them, if I could stay alive long enough.
What message would you like to leave for future generations?