My family was taken to the ghetto in Czestochowa, Poland. I worked in the Hassag Aparetenbaum Factory in Czestochowa. It was an ammunition factory where I helped make bullets for guns and rockets for the German Army. I was there until the end of the war. My brother, David, became a soldier in the Polish Army in Russia in General Anders Army. David fought in Palestine in the Army.
The Polish Army and Russian Army, together, liberated us. I returned to Czestochowa and then later moved to Lodz. I graduated from the Polish University in Business Management. I became a teacher for the University/Government. I became the director of the Mjenskie Handel Detaliczny IMHD, a department store. I later opened up a business store for fabrics (materials) and then a women’s coat factory.
In 1970, my family and I moved to the United States to Amsterdam, New York where my cousins, Irving Hayden and Fred Sendrowicz were living. I started a retail store in Amsterdam, New York manufacturing coats and selling fabrics. We then moved to Detroit with a similar clothing business, and then opened up a Jewelry business in Southfield, MI.