My mother’s sister, Clara, jumped from the train taking Jews to the extermination camp. The SS shot at her as she was rolling down the embankment. She got two bullets in her leg but survived in the forest. She later emigrated to in Israel.
My mother’s sister, Sonya, was in Stutthof concentration camp when the Russians were approaching. The women were placed on ships without a crew in the hope that they would drown. They ended up in Sweden. Sonya lived for many years in Israel.
I escaped from the Ghetto in 1942 and entered the Mogila Monastery. I was denounced and escaped from Gestapo by hiding in the Church organ. This event was depicted in the Oscar nominated documentary, “The Courage to Care.”
I was in number of jails including the famous Foe Ucca Prison. Hannah Szenes was in the next cell. One of her companions was in my cell. I escaped from there. I was in the concentration camp, Topolya in Yugoslavia, escaped from there with help of a Gestapoman whom I trusted.
I came to Communist Poland searching for my father who was, as it turned out, executed by Amon Goeth, depicted in some detail in Schindler’s List. Upon return to Poland, my life was in danger. Jews were being killed. I resumed my Christian identity and shortly thereafter escaped to the American occupied zone of Germany. I had false papers.
See my book, Passport to Life: Autobiographical Reflections on the Holocaust.
To learn more about this survivor, please visit online at the Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive, University of Michigan-Dearborn