Experience: Selection

Ella Baker
Leo Beals
Ella Berman
Rose Bernbaum
Rose Bohm
Miriam Brysk
Mala Dorfman
Ann Eisenberg
Isidor Eisenberg
Fred Ferber
Ben Fisk
Gershon Flam
Fryda Fleish
Doris Friedman
Henry Friedman
Emery Grosinger
Ilona Havas
Otto Herczeg
Harry Jubas
Hela Jutkiewicz
Ernest Kappel
Sophie Klisman
Edith Kozlowski
Marvin Kozlowski
Henry Krystal
Alexander Kuhn
Ruth Lehman
Anna Lengel
Lili Lewkowicz
Freda Magnus
Ben Moskovitz
Abe Pasternak
Phyllis Potach
Saul Raimi
Selma Rich
Fay Rotberg
Mirel Rottersman
Agata (Agi) Rubin
Sara Silow
Erna Staub
Ida Steuer
Martin Water
Ruth Webber
Abraham Weberman
Eva Wimmer
Rella Wizenberg
“Unlike Chelmno and the Operation Reinhard killing centers, the Auschwitz concentration camp complex was not subordinated to the regional SS and police leader but was part of the concentration camp system under the SS Economic-Administration Main Office. Auschwitz-Birkenau was originally designated as a forced-labor camp for large numbers of, initially, Soviet prisoners of war and, later, Jewish forced laborers to be deployed on SS-inspired construction projects. Auschwitz-Birkenau developed into a killing center in the first weeks of its existence. From the first transports of Slovak Jews in the spring of 1942, the SS established a practice of selections, in which those arriving Jews who were unable to work were sent directly to two makeshift gas chambers. “

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  “Killing Centers.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007327
Accessed on 6/11/11.

“Jews undergoing the selection process on the Birkenau arrival platform known as the "ramp". The people in the background are on their way to Crematorium II. The selection process began immediately after the Jews were taken off the deportation trains. During a selection, women and men considered "fit for work" were sent for slave labor. The rest of the people were sent to their deaths in the gas chambers.”

Yad Vashem. “The Auschwitz Album.”
Accessed on 6/11/11.