Experience: Safe Houses

George Gelberman
Ben Goldner
Sara Greenfield
Erika Rovinsky
Dezso Schonberger
Irma Schonberger
Elizabeth Weiss
Leslie Weiss

“Between April and July 1944, the Germans and Hungarians deported Jews from the Hungarian provinces. By the end of July, the Jews in Budapest were virtually the only Jews remaining in Hungary. They were not immediately ghettoized. Instead, in June 1944, Hungarian authorities ordered the Jews into over 2,000 designated buildings scattered throughout the city. The buildings were marked with Stars of David. About 25,000 Jews from the suburbs of Budapest were rounded up and transported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp. Hungarian authorities suspended the deportations in July 1944, sparing the remaining Jews of Budapest, at least temporarily. 
“Many Jews searched for places of hiding or for protection. They were aided by Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg and other foreign diplomats who organized false papers and safe houses for them. These actions saved tens of thousands of Jews.”
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  “Budapest.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005264
Accessed on 6/11/11.

Budapest, A Red Cross sign hung on a Jewish children's home. 
Yad Vashem. Photo Archives. 
Accessed on 6/11/11.

Sandor and Berta Guttman with their nine children in a safe house in Budapest. [Photograph #26720]
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Photo Archives. http://digitalassets.ushmm.org/photoarchives/detail.aspx?id=1105561&search=safe+houses&index=1
Accessed on 6/11/11.

Hungarian Jews wait in front of the Swedish legation main office in hopes of obtaining Swedish protective passes. Budapest, Hungary, 1944.
Accessed on 6/15/11

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